What is cyber crime?
Cybercrime is the use of computers & networks to perform illegal activities such as spreading viruses,online bullying,performing unauthorized electronic fund transfers etc. Most cyber crimes are committed through the internet.
Some cyber crime also be carried out using mobile phones via Sms and online chatting applications.
TYPES OF CYBERCRIME
The following list presents the common types of cybercrimes-
1-Computer Fraud-Intential deception for personal gain via the use of computer system.
2-Privacy Violations-Exposing personal information such as email addresses,phone numbers,account details etc, on social media,websites,etc.
3-Identity theft-Stealing personal information from somebody and impersonating that person.
4-Sharing copyright files/information-This involves distributing copyright protected files such as eBooks and computer program etc.
5-Electronic funds transfer-This involves gaining an unauthorized access to bank computer networks and making illegal funds transferring.
6-Electronic money laundering-This involves the use of the computer to launder money.
7-Atm fraud-This involves intercepting ATM card details such as account numbers and PIN numbers.These details are then used to withdraw funds from the intercepted accounts.
8-Denial of service attack-This involves the use of computers in multiple locations to attack servers with a view of shutting them down.
9-Spam:sending unauthorized emails.
These emails usually contain advertisements.
Under The Information Technology Act,2000
CHAPTER XI-OFFENCES-66. Hacking with computer system.
1-whoever with the Intent to cause or knowing that he is likely to cause Wrongfull Loss or Damage to the public or any person Destroys or Deletes or Alter any Information Residing in computer Resource or diminishes its value or utility or affects it injuriously by any means, commits hack.
2-whoever commits hacking shell be punished with imprisonment up to three years, or with fine which may extend up to two lakh rupees,or with both.